Why go?Würzburg in the Franconian Wine Country is full of intriguing contrasts: progress and tradition, a big-city buzz and countryside charm, culture and commerce, sushi and sausages, wine festivals and cocktail bars, entertainment and relaxation.
The lively university city of Würzburg, gateway to the Romantic Road, is dominated by its most prominent landmark, the Festung Marienberg (Marienberg Fortress). The origins of this fortress date back to around 1000 B.C., when a Celtic fortified refuge existed on this site. Since the foundation of the Würzburg bishopric in 742, the city has been the religious center of the region.
Würzburg experienced its most prosperous period during the rule of the art-loving prince-bishops of the Schönborn family, for whom Balthasar Neumann built the "palace of palaces", the "Würzburger Residenz" (Würzburg Residence), from 1719 to 1744. The Venetian artist Tiepolo painted the vast fresco on the ceiling above the famous staircase, thereby creating the largest painting in the world. In 1982, on account of its outstanding architectural significance, the Residence was placed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
Würzburg is the metropolis of sunny Franconia where it flanks the Main River, a landscape whose vineyards are famous throughout the world. It is Franconian wine that, in perfect harmony with Baroque splendor, always makes a visit to Würzburg a memorable experience.