The City of PeaceIn each October, when hundreds of primary-school children ride their hobby-horses up the steps of the Rathaus (Town Hall) and receive a pretzel from the Lord Mayor, they ride in celebration of the Peace Treaty of Westphalia, and this is a very conscious, living sign of peace culture. You can still visit the "Rathaus" to see the Friedenssaal (Hall of Peace) where Osnabrück's Treaty of the Peace of Westphalia was signed in 1648.
The peace-seeking mentality of Osnabrück became widely known to literature lovers through the works of one of its own sons, Erich Maria Remarque (1898-1970) in the Erich-Maria Remarque Friedenszentrum (Erich-Maria Remarque Peace Center).
Another of the city's natives has a museum dedicated to his artistic works: the Felix Nussbaum Museum. Nussbaum, a Jewish painter, was born in Osnabrück in 1904. The museum honors Nussbaum's legacy by exhibiting 170 of his works.
Art lovers will also appreciate the city's Kunsthalle (Art Gallery) and its unique location, in the 14th century Dominikanerkirche (Dominican Church) in the Old Town. It hosts temporary exhibits of contemporary art from around the world by well-known artists as well as talented but less-known creators. Be sure to visit the city's Dom St. Peter (St. Peter's Cathedral). It includes a museum in rooms above the cloister that exhibit artifacts belonging to the church, some dating to Roman times.