Why go?On the road signs it says in black and yellow: Osnabrück "The City of Peace". The steel sculpture of the "Friedensreiter" (Peace Rider) was created by the artist Volker Johannes Trieb and reflects how serious the city is about this statement: "The task of peace - committed to peace". This is the maxim that defines political and cultural life in the old bishopric and young university city. Each October, when hundreds of primary-school children ride their hobby-horses up the steps of the "Rathaus" (Town Hall) and receive a pretzel from the Lord Mayor, they ride in celebration of the Peace Treaty of Westphalia. This is a very conscious, living sign of peace culture. The most important year of Osnabrück's history was 1648.
For nearly four centuries, scholars have debated the actual site of the Battle of Varus. The battle took place in the year 9 A.D. when Germanic tribes lured Roman legions into an ambush only to mow them down. In 1989, more than 6,000 archaeological finds in the hamlet of Kalkriese near Bramsche, lying north of Osnabrück, confirmed the location. Evidence shows where, on the northern slope of the Kalkriese mountain, a Roman army was vanquished.
The Felix Nussbaum Museum with works by the Jewish painter murdered in Auschwitz was designed by Daniel Libeskind and evokes a thoughtful mood. Almost everyone knows the novel "Im Westen nichts Neues" (All Quiet on the Western Front) by the Osnabrück author Erich Maria Remarque. The "Friedenszentrum" (Peace Center) named after him and the peace prize of the same name pay tribute to his work.